What Are My Options for Coronary Bypass Surgery?

human heart beatingIf you have coronary artery disease (CAD), then you are one of more than 3 million people in the United States who have this condition.

CAD is caused by cholesterol and plaque build-up on the inner walls of the arteries that supply blood to your heart. Over time, this plaque can harden and restrict the flow of oxygen to your heart. This can eventually block your arteries completely causing a heart attack.

Treatments for Coronary Artery Disease

There a few different treatment options your doctor may recommend to prevent complications of CAD, relieve your symptoms, and slow or reverse the buildup of plaque. These include:

Coronary Bypass Surgery

Coronary bypass surgery is a procedure performed to divert the flow of blood to your heart around a blocked artery. Having heart surgery may seem overwhelming, but there are minimally invasive options that could lessen complications and reduce recovery time. Ask your doctor if you are a good candidate for minimally invasive surgery.

Robotic Surgery Using da Vinci Technology

One type of minimally invasive surgery is da Vinci Surgery. With da Vinci technology, a few small incisions are made as opposed to a large open incision. The robotic-assisted surgical device helps to enhance your surgeon’s vision, precision, and control during the procedure. There also isn’t a need to use a heart-lung machine that stops your heart during surgery.

These differences in da Vinci bypass surgery versus standard bypass surgery can lead to potential benefits including:

  • Lower rates of complications
  • Lower rates of blood loss
  • Shorter time spent in the ICU and hospital

Minimally Invasive Options for Bypass Surgery

There are a few different types of minimally invasive surgeries that are less invasive and have fewer risks than a typical coronary bypass surgery. These include:

  • Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB). For this procedure, a heart-lung bypass machine isn’t necessary and only a few small incisions in your chest are made.
  • Off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB). This surgery also doesn’t require the use of a heart-lung bypass machine but it does require one large incision.

Contact The Bethencourt Group to discuss options with your doctor for minimally invasive coronary bypass surgery.

Sources:

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/coronaryarterydisease.html http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cad/treatment#MedicalProceduresSurgery http://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/tc/coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-minimally-invasive-methods-topic-overview